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Baseball – Ultimate Guide

Did you know that base-ball is not only America’s national sport? Baseball is not only the national sport of America but also in some other countries too. Do you know why? Because these countries are historically connected with the baseball game.

Baseball is one of the games that has produced the most variations on a theme. The origins of the base-ball game are unclear, but it is believed to have evolved from earlier bat-and-ball games played in England and North America.

Baseball plays at various levels, from amateur and youth leagues to professional leagues such as Major League Baseball (MLB). Today, base-ball continues to be a beloved sport, played and watched by millions of fans around the world.  

This guide will be helpful for those readers who are interested in learning this game. It will help them understand the basics of how to play baseball.

Let’s dive in!

What is Baseball?

A bat-ball of baseball

Baseball is a sport where a bat-and-ball game is played between two teams of nine players. It takes two turns batting and fielding. A baseball game is played between two teams of nine players each, with one team playing offense and the other playing defense.

In a baseball game, a player on one team throws a small round ball to a player on the other team, and he tries to hit it with a bat. Then he has to run around the field.

The objective of the batting team is to get a player to first base safely. It usually occurs when the batter hits the ball and reaches first base before the opponent’s ball reaches first base or when the pitcher throws the ball out of the batter’s reach.

Also, the batting team aims to reach first base without being called “out.” Therefore, it may attempt to advance to the next base as a runner immediately or while a teammate is at bat.

The game is divided into 9 innings, with each team taking turns playing offense and defense. Baseball game is popular in many countries, but it is especially popular in the United States and Japan. Major League Baseball (MLB) is the world’s highest level of professional baseball, with 30 teams in the United States and Canada.

What is WBC?

A WBC match

The full form of WBC is World Baseball Classic. It is an international base-ball tournament. It is contested by man national teams and members of the World Baseball Softball Confederation.

Major League Baseball (MLB) is the administrator of WBC and its players’ association under the auspices of the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC), the sport’s official global governing body for international competition.

It formerly cohabited with Olympic base-ball and the Baseball World Cup as an International Baseball Federation (IBAF) sanctioned tournament. In addition, the World Baseball Classic usually takes place every four years. 

The first WBC was held in 2006, and the winner was Japan. The second WBC was held in 2009, and Japan won again. Finally, the third WBC took place in 2013; the winner was the Dominican Republic.

So, WBC is one of the most famous baseball tournaments.

History of Baseball

The Baseball game has existed since the American Civil War.  The first known base-ball team started in 1845. Still, the sport grew in popularity in the late 19th century. By then, base-ball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States.

History of Baseball

This sport was first mentioned as “baseball” in the early 1800s, and “rounders” in 1828 may be the same or similar. Organized amateur club baseball grew in the cities of the eastern United States in the 1830s and 1840s, and rule innovations made by New York City clubs became the basis of the modern game, far removed from its English ancestors.

The USA developed this game. However, 3 different variations of the game existed at the time. Another notable piece of history came in 1947 when Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in the MLB.

Low-scoring games characterized base-ball in the early 20th century. But the dead-ball era ended with rule changes in the early 1920s and the rise of power hitter Babe Ruth. Professional base-ball leagues began featuring teams from Canada as early as 1877, and the game spread to many countries in the 1800s and 1900s.

It was a medal-winning sport at the Olympics from 1992 to 2008. Other competitions among national teams include the Baseball World Cup and the World Baseball Classic, first held in 2006.

Today, baseball is one of the most popular sports in North America. Despite some changes, baseball is deeply rooted in tradition and history. Its enduring popularity is proof of its enduring appeal.

Baseball National Sport

Some country's national sport is baseball

Every sport is the national sport of some country. Baseball is also the national sport of some countries. Let’s know baseball is the national sport of which countries:

  • National Sport of Cuba
  • National Sport of the Dominican Republic
  • National Sport of Panama
  • National Sport of Taiwan
  • National Sport of US
  • National Sport of Venezuela

National Sport of Cuba

The national sport of Cuba is baseball. It was first brought to the country in the 1860s by immigrants from the Americas and by traders and sailors who docked in Cuba.

Despite its American origins, baseball is strongly associated with Cuban nationalism, as it effectively replaced Spanish colonial sports such as bullfighting. The league system in Cuba has been nominally amateur since the Cuban Revolution. 

National Sport of The Dominican Republic

Baseball is also the national sport of the Dominican Republic. However, the sport was first seen in Latin America and Cuba. However, baseball in the Dominican Republic began to flourish when the United States Marine Corps occupied the island from 1916 to 1924.

National Sport of Panama

Panama’s official national sport is baseball. It was influenced by their close ties to the USA. Their national team, called the Panama National Baseball Team, is a highly-ranked baseball team worldwide.

National Sport of Taiwan

In July 1968, the Hong-Ye youth baseball team defeated the visiting champion team from Japan by a score of 7-0. This historical sport, baseball, eventually became the national sport of Taiwan. 

National Sport of US

Historically, the national sport has been baseball. The baseball game is personally tied US historically. Often referred to as America’s national pastime, baseball has played a very active role in shaping this nation. 

However, in recent decades, American football has become the most popular sport in terms of a huge broadcast audience.

National Sport of Venezuela

Baseball in Venezuela originated from the cultural influence of oil companies in the United States in the early 20th century. It is believed due to how mainstream baseball is played and the success of Venezuelan players in MLB (Major League Baseball). Now it is the leading sport in the country.

Baseball Terms

There are some terms in baseball. Each word has its own meaning. Here is a list of terms in the baseball game:

  • Strike: It is a pitch that passes through the strike zone without being hit.
  • Foul ball: If the ball lands in foul territory before it reaches first base or third base.
  • Home run: A hit that allows the batter to round all the bases and reach home plate.
  • Double: A hit that allows the batter to reach second base.
  • Triple: A hit that allows the batter to reach third base.
  • Single: A hit that allows the batter to reach first base.
  • Inning: A period of play in which each team has one turn to bat and one turn to field.
  • Pitcher: A player who throws the ball to the batter.
  • Batter: The player who stands at home plate and attempts to hit the ball the pitcher throws.
  • Catcher:  The player who receives the ball thrown by the pitcher and tries to catch any ball not hit by the batter.
  • Out: An event that ends a batter’s turn, like strikeout, caught fly ball, or groundout.
  • Base: One of four markers placed on the field that batters and baserunners must touch to score a run.
  • ERA:  The average number of earned runs scored by a pitcher in nine innings.
  • RBI:  Number of runs scored by a batter.
  • Ground ball: A ball hit along the ground that a player can field.
  • Strike zone: The area above the home plate where pitches can be called strikes.
  • Wild pitch: A pitch thrown so erratically that the catcher cannot catch it, allowing the baserunners to advance.
  • Double play: The fielding team records two outs in a single space.
  • Triple play: When the fielding team records three outs in a single play.

Baseball Rules

Rules of baseball

Baseball is a sport that started in 1744 and is a popular game in North America, Canada, and Japan. So, the format of the game has been developing. Here are some essential rules of Baseball:

  • The game is played with 2 teams of 2 players each.
  • The game’s objective is to score more runs than the opposing team.
  • Each team takes turns at bat and in the field, with an inning consisting of each team having a turn at bat and in the field.
  • When a pitcher throws the ball to the batter, who attempts to hit the ball into play.
  • Suppose the batter hits the ball into fair territory. In that case, he attempts to run to first base, and any other baserunners on the base attempt to advance to the next base.
  • A batter is out if he strikes out (three strikes), hits a ball that a fielder catches before it touches the ground (a fly ball), or hits a ball that is fielded by a fielder who touches first base before the batter gets there (a groundout).
  • A baserunner can put out by being tagged with the ball while not touching a base or by a fielder holding the ball while touching the ground the baserunner is running to before the baserunner gets there.
  • A run earns a score when a baserunner touches home plate before the third out of the inning is made.
  • If a batter hits the ball over the outfield fence, it is a home run, and the batter and any baserunners on base score one run each.
  • Many other rules govern things like base stealing, bunting, and substitutions, as well as rules regarding the size and dimensions of the playing field and equipment used.

How to Play Baseball?

The rules can seem confusing and complicated for those new to the game. But when you understand how to set up the field, play offense, and play defense; you can join a baseball team.

Some steps of playing baseball

So, here I’m telling you how you can play baseball:

Step1: Team Up

Collect 9 players in your team, as each team should have 9 players. Though it is possible to play with fewer people, but you need to extend the coverage of every player on the field. Although it can be difficult for players to reach the ball after hitting it, get as close to the nine as possible.

Step 2:  Assign the Pitcher and Catcher

It would be best if you had a pitcher and a catcher. So the pitcher stands in the middle of the field and throws the ball to the batter. And if the batter doesn’t hit, the catcher will sit directly behind the batter at home plate to catch the ball.

Step 3: Infielders and Outfielders

Players in the infield (or diamond) protect the bases. There should be one player at first, second, and third base, which will be called the “basement.”

The 3 players in the outfield are the right, center, and left. They are responsible for catching fly balls in the outfield and chasing down ground balls that make it past the infield.

Step 4: Set up the Field

A baseball field consists of four bases arranged in a diamond shape, with a pitcher’s mound in the center. The distance between 2 bases is 90 feet, and between the pitcher’s mound and home plate is 60 feet, 6 inches.

Step 5: Determine the Batting Order

Each team will take turns batting, with the order determined before the game begins.

Step 6: Start the Game

The home team will take the field first, with the visiting team batting first. Then, the pitcher will stand on the mound and throw the ball to the batter, who will attempt to hit the ball into play.

Step 7: Field the Ball

If the batter hits the ball properly, the fielders will attempt to catch it or field it and throw it to a teammate to record an out.

Step 8: Score Runs

The game aims to score runs by having baserunners touch all four bases and return to home plate before the ball is caught or fielded by the opposing team.

Step 9: Switch Sides

After three outs, the teams switch sides, with the team on defense taking their turn at bat and vice versa.

Step 10: Continue Playing

Play continues for nine innings, with the most runs at the end of the game declared the winner.

Baseball Position and Roles

Baseball cannot progress without the essential designations of base-ball positions and their respective roles among team members. Therefore, getting a spot on the team requires learning baseball positions, roles, and other lineups.

Positions and roles of baseball

There are 9 positions. They are listed below: 

  1. Catcher
  2. First baseman
  3. Second baseman
  4. Third baseman
  5. Pitcher
  6. Right fielder
  7. Left fielder
  8. Center fielder
  9. Shortstop


A catcher exists to support the pitcher. He’s bound to admit that he’s forever the wind under the pitcher’s wings, taking all their pitches to keep the defense up.

His position is behind home plate, and he echoes the entire picture in front of him to the pitcher in the form of hand signals, showing the best movement and direction of the pitch.

First Baseman

A first baseman must have a tall body, a solid left-handed throw, and certain flexibility to receive, pick, or scoop throws from other infielders, usually extra-low.

Other names that refer to 1B include cornerman and first sacker, which refers to a defensive disposition. He is assign to field balls around 1st base.

Second Baseman

The second baseman or 2B usually serves as a defensive player. He is assigned to second base and near the first base bag; He sets his eyes to receive the ball on either side of his surroundings.

Since his position is on the right side of the infield, he will find it challenging to commit to a double play with high success. His first challenge started when he got a throw to his left, where the double play mostly flashed.

Third Baseman

The third baseman (3B) takes charge of all game events around the third base or within the bag. The third baseman plays in lateral proximity to the shortstop.


The pitching (P) position is the most strategic position in baseball. However, he keeps the team’s defensive line in front and determines how much or less the opposition team will likely score.

Another pitcher’s job is to extend his range by protecting the base of the first baseman if he has to give up to field the ball.

Right Fielder

The right fielder (RF) takes over the responsibilities of an outfielder by holding events around the right side of the outfield.

Right fielders had to develop a solid intuition for pulling quickly and selecting the strongest fielder in the team’s designated outfield circle to throw the ball from the right field across the diamond and into the hot corner (third base).

Left Fielder

The left fielder (LF), also a defensive player, takes charge of any balls hit to the left side of the outfield. However, depending on the emerging situation, a left fielder has to occupy several bases throughout the outfield.

In short, when necessary, protect the entire outfield by diverting the ball into the infield.

Center Fielder

A center fielder (CF) is concerned about hitting the ball around the center field. Center fielder, like most MLB positions, requires a certain degree of versatility to adapt to quick defensive changes.


The shortstop is located between the second and third base bags. And so, it can assume both positions.

In the past, shortstops were assigned to the lowest part of the batting lineup due to poor batting performances of players. Fortunately, the situation has been reversed today by adding highly-skilled batters.

Baseball Scoring Process

The scoring process in a base-ball game involves keeping a record of every play during the game. The scorekeeper’s job is to keep track of each player’s stats, as well as the overall score of the game.

The scorekeeper will use a scorecard to keep track of the game. The scorecard is a grid that represents the field, with spaces for each player’s name and position and a column for each inning of the game. The scorekeeper will also use symbols and abbreviations to record each play during the game.

To score a game, the scorekeeper will need to keep track of the following information for each play:

  • The batter: The scorekeeper will record the batter’s name and number, as well as the result of their at-bat (e.g. a single, a double, a strikeout, etc.).
  • The pitcher: The scorekeeper will record the pitcher’s name and number and the result of each pitch they throw.
  • The fielders: The scorekeeper will record the name and position of each fielder involved in the play and their role (e.g., a groundout to the second baseman).
  • The base runners: The scorekeeper will record the name and number of each base runner, as well as their movements during the play (e.g. a stolen base, a caught stealing, etc.).

The scorekeeper will use a variety of symbols and abbreviations to record each play on the scorecard. For example, a “K” might indicate a strikeout, while an “E” might indicate an error by a fielder.

At the end of each inning, the scorekeeper will add up the number of runs scored by each team and record the total score for the game. The scorekeeper will also update each player’s stats, including their batting average, on-base percentage, and fielding percentage.

Baseball Coaching

A baseball coach is talking with the children

In the MBL, baseball head coaches are called managers. Their biggest job is setting the lineup and deciding when to make pitching changes.

MBL teams have different types of coaches. Types of baseball coaches include:

  • Manager
  • First Base Coach
  • Third Base Coach
  • Hitting Coach
  • Pitching Coach
  • Fielding Coach


The manager of a baseball team is essential for the team. He oversees the field operations of games and makes decisions before, throughout, and after the games to lead to team success.  Their responsibilities are:

  • Set clubhouse guidelines
  • Decide pitching rotations and lineups
  • Make substitutions during the game
  • Make calls on game strategy

First Base Coach

The first base coach is an important base-ball team’s offensive squad member. He is located directly behind the first base foul line in an area known as the coaches’ box. The first base coach takes the field when their team is up to batting.

Third Base Coach

The third base coaches are essential for instructing base runners. When their team is up to batting, third-base coaches stand directly behind third-base in foul territory.

Their position is behind the baseball diamond’s third bag when their team is on offense.  

Hitting Coach

Hitting coaches are responsible for helping batters on the team reach their full potential, thus strengthening the entire team’s offense. Their main role is to carefully observe their players while at the plate during the game. 

Pitching Coach

A pitcher coach is part of a baseball team’s defensive squad, working to improve the team’s pitchers. He trains, instructs, and communicates with a team’s pitching squad. 

In addition, he is also responsible for recognizing when a starting pitcher’s arm begins to grow tired.

Fielding Coach

In base-ball, a fielding instructor is the equivalent of a head coach responsible for overseeing and making final decisions on all aspects of team strategy, lineup selection, training, and on-field instruction.

Baseball Field and Dimension

A field dimension of baseball game

The dimensions of a baseball field are based on the level of the play. Therefore, they also depend on the ballpark or stadium. Let’s see some different levels of the field dimension:

  • MLB Field Dimensions
  • Little League Field Dimensions
  • Bronco Field Dimensions
  • PONY League Field Dimensions
  • Pinto League Field Dimensions

MLB Field Dimensions

  • Baseline 90 feet
  • Home to second 127 feet 3 3/8 inches
  • Home to the front of pitching rubber — 60 feet 6 inches
  • Area of the skinned infield — 95 feet
  • Home plate to the backstop — 60 feet
  • Foul lines — 320 feet minimum to fence
  • Center field fence— 400-plus feet

Little League Field Dimensions

  • Baseline — 60 feet
  • Home to second — 84 feet 10 ¼ inches
  • Home to the front of pitching rubber — 46 feet
  • Area of the skinned infield — 50 feet
  • Home plate to the backstop — 25 feet
  • Foul lines — 175 feet minimum to fence
  • Center field fence — 225-plus feet

Bronco Field Dimensions

  • Baseline — 70 feet
  • Home to second — 99 feet
  • Home to the front of pitching rubber — 48 feet
  • Area of the skinned infield — 65 feet
  • Home plate to the backstop — 30 feet
  • Foul lines — 200 feet minimum to lines
  • Center field fence— 250-plus feet

PONY League Field Dimensions

  • Baseline — 80 feet
  • Home to second — 113 feet 2 inches
  • Home to the front of pitching rubber — 54 feet
  • Area of the skinned infield — 80 feet
  • Home plate to the backstop — 40 feet
  • Foul lines — 250 feet minimum to lines
  • Center field fence— 300-plus feet

Pinto League Field Dimensions

  • Baseline — 50 feet
  • Home to second —70 feet 8 inches
  • Home to the front of pitching rubber —38 feet
  • The radius of the skinned infield — 50 feet
  • Home plate to the backstop — 20 feet
  • Foul lines — 125 feet minimum to fence
  • Center field fence — 200-plus feet

Baseball Equipment

Equipment of baseball

The most basic equipment of baseball is a bat, ball, and gloves. But for the sake of the player’s safety, you need other equipment too. So let’s see all the types of equipment of baseball:

  • Bat
  • Ball
  • Gloves
  • Batting Helmet
  • Catcher’s Gear
  • Elbow Guard
  • Shin Guard
  • Hat
  • Uniform
  • Spikes
  • Arm Sleeve
  • Sunglasses
  • Grip Tape
  • Batting Gloves

Baseball Skills and Technique

Skills and techniques of baseball

Before participating in a baseball game you need to have some basic skills and techniques. These skills will help you to play the baseball game properly. There are 5 basic skills. 

For your benefit I’m listing those skills here:

  • Running
  • Fielding
  • Throwing
  • Hitting
  • Hitting for power


Running is most important for offensive players. For example, when a player hits, he will begin running to first base. In baseball, a player can cross first base until he touches the base.

A player who hits a single through the first base as quickly as possible. When the ball is hit well, the player will continue past first base, stopping at the last base without getting out.


When defensive players work together to get out of hit balls. Players in the three outfield positions will attempt to catch balls hit near them.

Players need to keep an eye on the ball while fielding, watching it until it reaches their gloves.


It is essential to release the throw when the ball is on or over the target. Throwing accurately and quickly is necessary for all positions of defense. It involves removing the ball at a right angle with good momentum behind it, at or near its intended target, before transferring it from the glove hand to the throwing hand.


These skills can be improved with practice but are also determined by natural ability. Hitting requires watching the ball while swinging before passing the home plate and choking their bat position with the dominant hand over the non-dominant hand.

Hitting for Power

The fundamentals of hitting are combined with extra speed and speed. Players often step forward with their non-dominant feet to speed up their swing.

The momentum a player provides when swinging their bat increases their swing speed to produce more deliberate and powerful hits.

Baseball Tournaments

Tournaments of Baseball

In baseball, there are several baseball tournaments in the world. But the most famous tournament is MLB Playoffs.

Now let’s discuss some of the major tournaments held in baseball:

  • MLB Playoffs
  • World Baseball Classic
  • Baseball World Cup
  • Olympics
  • College World Series
  • Caribbean Series
  • Women’s Baseball World Cup
  • Little League Baseball World Series
  • WBSC Premier 12
  • Asian Professional Baseball Championship

MLB Playoffs

The MLB Playoffs is a postseason tournament that plays each year. It was founded in October 1903. Another name for MLB is World Series. It is the most-watched baseball tournament in the world. 

World Baseball Classic

It is an international baseball tournament held every 4 years. The first tournament was held in March 2006 and won by Japan. The WBC is the only baseball tournament to 

Baseball World Cup

The BWC is an international tournament where national baseball teams perform. It was established in 1938. The International Baseball Federation (IBAF) created the tournament. However, the Baseball World Cup was discontinued after the IBAF and the International Softball Federation (ISF) merged into the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC) in 2013.


Baseball was an exhibition sport at many Olympic Games from 1908 to 1988. In addition, baseball was a part of the Olympics from 1992 to 2008. But, because the sport was unpopular worldwide and not attracting many international visitors, it was removed from the Olympics in 2012.

College World Series

The College World Series is an annual baseball games tournament held in June. 64 teams are participating in the first round of this tournament. The first College World Series was held in 1947 at Hyams Field in Kalamazoo, Michigan.

Caribbean Series

Cuba, the Dominion Republic of Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela, the major Latin American countries participating in Major League Baseball, join the Caribbean Series each year. It is the highest tournament for professional baseball teams in Latin America. Countries take turns hosting the series, usually held in February each year.

Women’s Baseball World Cup

The Women’s Baseball World Cup is an international tournament in which national women’s baseball teams from around the world compete. The inaugural Women’s Baseball World Cup was held in Edmonton, Canada, from July 30 to August 8, 2004.

Little League Baseball World Series

It is an annual baseball game tournament for children, usually boys between 10 and 12. In 1947, the original Little League Board of Directors decided to organize a tournament for all known Little League programs and called it the National Little League Tournament. Later it was renamed the Little League Baseball World Series.

WBSC Premier 12

The WBSC Premier 12 is an international baseball games tournament created by the World Baseball Softball Confederation. It also features the 12 highest-ranked national baseball teams in the world. The first tournament was held in November 2015 between Taiwan and Japan.

Asian Professional Baseball Championship

The Asia Professional Baseball Championship (APBC) is a World Baseball Softball Confederation-sanctioned international baseball competition. Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and the Philippines formed a committee to establish the Asian Baseball Federation. It witnessed the launch of the BFA on May 7 of the same year.


Baseball is a popular sport played worldwide, known for its rich history, traditions, and unique style of play. The sport is played between two teams, each with nine players on the field at a time.

The goal of the baseball game is for one team to score more runs than the other by hitting a ball with a bat and running around four bases in a specific order. The team with the most runs at the end of nine innings (or more, if necessary) wins.

Baseball FAQs

If you read this whole article, I hope you know a lot about the baseball game. Baseball sport is so popular in the USA. So, as a fan, if you have any questions about it, feel free to ask. First, though, here I am listing some questions that people usually want to know:

What is baseball?

Baseball is a sport that is played with two teams, nine players on each team, and a bat and ball. 

What was baseball first called?

Early forms of baseball had many names, including “base-ball,” “goal ball,” “round ball,” “fetch-catch,” “stool ball,” and, simply, “base.”

When was baseball invented?

The modern version of baseball was invented in the mid-1800s in the United States, but the sport has roots dating back to the 1700s.

What are the basic rules of baseball?

The basic rules of baseball include having nine players on each team, pitching the ball to the batter, hitting the ball with a bat, and running around four bases in a specific order. The team with the most runs wins the baseball game.

What are the positions in baseball?

The positions in base-ball include pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, third baseman, shortstop, and three outfielders.

How do you score in baseball?

A player can score in base-ball by hitting the ball and running around all four bases in order before the opposing team gets the ball back and makes an out.

What does mean a home run?

A home run means when a batter hits the ball out of the playing field, allowing the batter and any other runners on base to score a run.

What are some famous baseball players?

Some famous baseball players include Babe Ruth, Jackie Robinson, Hank Aaron, Willie Mays, Derek Jeter, and Mike Trout, among many others.



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