HomeTechnologyAutomation - History, Types, Benefits, Examples, Disadvantages, Methods, Terms, and Trends

Automation – History, Types, Benefits, Examples, Disadvantages, Methods, Terms, and Trends

The term “automation” is used to characterize a wide variety of technological advancements that lessen the need for human involvement in processes by, among other things, foreseeing and codifying decision criteria, subprocess linkages, and related actions in machines.

It uses computers, software, robots, or other mechanical or procedural aids to perform tasks with minimum human intervention.

This encompasses many uses, from business process automation (BPA) to IT automation programs, network automation programs, automation integration across systems, robotics in the factory, home automation services, and many more.

What is Automation?

Mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic, and computer equipment, often in combination, have all contributed to the success of automation systems.

Modern factories, airplanes, and ships are complex systems that often employ several methods in tandem with one another.

Automating a process can help cut costs in several areas, including human labor, materials, electricity, and trash. Automation services can also boost quality, accuracy, and precision.

Equipment and control systems are used to operate machinery, factory operations, boilers, heat-treating ovens, telephone networks, ship and airplane steering, and vehicle stabilization with minimal human input; this is known as an automation program.

Thermostats used in homes to regulate heating systems are just one example; massive industrial control systems might have tens of thousands of sensors and actuators. Even the banking sector has adopted an automation system.

The intricacy of the controls might be anything from an on/off switch to a very sophisticated, multi-variable program.

Automatic control loops can range from very simple to extremely complex. In its most basic form, a controller leverages the difference between the actual and intended values of a process to make adjustments to adjust some input to the process such that the process maintains its set point despite disruptions.

History of Automation

The term “automation” was first used in 1946 by the automobile industry to characterize the widespread adoption of automated processes and controls. Read up about the origins of automation systems following–

3 Stages of History of Automation
Figure 1 – 3 Stages of History of Automation

The Beginnings

Greeks and Arabs (from roughly 300 BC to 1200 AD) were concerned with maintaining precise timekeeping. About 270 BC, Ctesibius wrote about a float regulator for a water clock in Ptolemaic Egypt.

This mechanism resembled the ball and cock in a contemporary flush toilet. This feedback-controlled device predated all others. In the 14th century, with the mechanical clock’s advent, the water clock’s feedback control method needed to be updated.

In their book “Book of Ingenious Devices” (about 850 AD), the Persian Bani Msis brothers detailed a variety of mechanical mechanisms. The Banu Musa brothers invented two-step level controls for fluids, a discontinuous variable structure control.

Additionally, a feedback controller was detailed. Before the Industrial Revolution, engineers had to rely on trial and error and their judgment when designing feedback control systems.

As a result, there was more art involved than science. Math, the formal language of automatic control theory, was used to study the stability of feedback control systems in the mid-19th century.

Christiaan Huygens developed the centrifugal governor in the seventeenth century to regulate the distance between millstones.

Western Europe’s Industrial Revolution

With the advent of prime movers, or self-driven machines like grain mills, furnaces, boilers, and the steam engine, automatic control systems like temperature regulators (invented in 1624; see Cornelius Drebbel) and pressure regulators (1681) and float regulators (1700) and speed control devices became necessary.

Windmill sails were tented using an alternative control method. In 1745, Edmund Lee filed a patent for it. Jacques de Vaucanson created the world’s first automated loom in 1745. Joseph Marie Jacquard developed a punch card system to control his looms in the early 1800s.

Richard Arkwright invented the water frame, the first wholly automated spinning mill powered by water power, in 1771. In 1785, Oliver Evans created the first fully automated industrial process when he invented a flour mill that could operate without human intervention.

In 1784, Mr. Bunce of England built a prototype steam crane with a centrifugal governor. James Watt used a centrifugal governor on a steam engine for the first time in 1788 after his business partner, Matthew Boulton, installed one on a wheat mill the two men were constructing. When the load on the engine changed, the governor could not keep it at a steady speed.

Before the end of the 19th century, the steam engine was suited for most industrial uses thanks to advancements in the governor and the timing of valve cut-offs. The steam engine’s development outpaced thermodynamics and control theory.

Before James Clerk Maxwell’s study, which laid the theoretical groundwork for control theory, the governor had not gotten much academic attention.

Afterward and Present Day

The rapid electrification of the industry from the turn of the century through the 1920s saw the introduction of relay logic.

The increasing number of central electric power plants need sophisticated instrumentation and controls to manage new high-pressure boilers, steam turbines, and electrical substations.

While centralized control rooms appeared in the 1920s, most processes used simply on/off switches until the 1930s. Recorders would often plot data from devices into charts that operators might examine.

The electrical amplifier, a necessary part of long-distance telecommunications, was developed in the 1920s thanks to negative feedback noise cancellation for advanced automation services.

In the 1930s, on-off controls gave way to more subtle controllers that could respond to deviations from a set point by making small but significant alterations. Industrial electrification has a declining impact. Therefore, controllers let industries maintain showing productivity gains.

During the 1920s, electric power significantly increased manufacturing production. U.S. industrial production growth slowed from 5.2% annually between 1919 and 1929 to only 2.76 percent annually between 1929 and 1941.

Alexander Field claims that expenditure on non-medical gadgets increased dramatically between 1929 and 1933 and remained high for many years.

The conflicts saw significant advances in mass communication and signal processing. Stochastic analysis (1941), frequency domain analysis (1940), ship control (1950), and differential equations (1938) have contributed much to the field of automated controls.

Multiple alternatives to electro-mechanical relay logic for use in industrial control systems and automation software appeared in the late ’50s, with 1958 marking the beginning of this transition.

In 1959, Texaco’s Port Arthur Refinery became the first chemical plant in the world to use computerized control. As the price of computers continued to fall in the 1970s, a worldwide push emerged to switch industries to digital control with various automation services.

Types of Automation Systems

Let us look at some of the most widespread automation applications by automation companies in modern economies. Read on for a breakdown of the many types available-

Basic Automation

Automating simple, repetitive tasks is an essential task automation system. Examples of this level of automation program include using a unified messaging system in place of disparate data repositories to streamline and centralize routine tasks.

Since error rates and transaction times have decreased, employees have more time to concentrate on higher-impact projects.

Process Automation

A process automation program can mainly simplify even the most complex and repetitive multi-step processes by combining several technologies. This automation system level in business and IT management guarantees uniformity and transparency.

Process automation program is a fantastic method to increase productivity and efficiency in your automation companies for business. It may also provide novel interpretations of IT and business issues and rule-based advice for fixing them.

Business Process Management (BPM), automated workflows, and process mining are all process automation programs.

Fixed Automation

Complex automation, or “fixed animation,” describes the state in which the manufacturing process is now operating. Therefore, this kind of automation works best when repeatedly applied to a limited set of tasks.

For instance, if the automated process constantly employed the same units to complete the same duties, we would deal with fixed automation.

Computers and pre-programmed instructions command stationary automated machines to carry out specific tasks, notify them of any difficulties that may arise, and keep track of various output metrics.

A permanently installed automation program is more effective for high-volume commodities. In fixed automation companies, the sequence of activities is simple and uses fundamental capabilities like rotation and linear motion.

Intelligent Automation

When it comes to automation technologies, intelligent automation is state-of-the-art. It can use AI and ML to automate processes.

This suggests that robots in an automated system may “learn” as they go along, improving their judgment and efficiency with each new encounter.

For instance, virtual assistants powered by AI and ML enhance the customer service experience while reducing costs for the business and its staff.

AIOps and digital workers are examples of intelligent kinds of automation that most automation companies follow.

Integrated Automation

The term “integrated automation system” refers to a comprehensive framework for automating the industrial process through computer control.

An integrated automation program aims to streamline the coordination of several autonomous systems by standardizing communication.

For instance, integrated automation companies unify separate but equally important forms of automation under a unified set of rules. Consequently, data, AI machines, and processes may all work together in a cohesive system.

 An integrated approach is necessary when automating a factory or other industrial environment.

Robotic Process Automation

Robotic process automation (RPA) uses software technology to automate and streamline business processes formerly performed by humans.

The software technology guides the robots to do rule-based tasks such as data extraction from screens and insurance forms, product stocking, etc.

Benefits of Automation

Automation has become the industry standard for making operations more efficient. In this section, we will talk about how automation companies may help your organization to grow faster-

10 different benefits of automation technology
Figure 3 – 10 Different Benefits of Automation

Improved Efficiency

Data entry by hand is laborious, error-prone, and time-consuming. Business process automation services may take over these tasks, removing the need for human interaction while guaranteeing accurate data entry.

Productivity Concessions

You might ease the burden on your employees by automating mundane but necessary tasks. In turn, this should increase production by allowing your team to focus on more critical functions that make greater use of their skills.

Quick Reactions

Business process automation programs may sift through information gathered from various channels, including email, web forms, social media, and computer systems. The software may alert you to issues such as client complaints or service outages in this manner.

Boost Convergence

Removing routine work improves morale and makes it easier to handle previously challenging processes. This may lead to an improvement in confidence and working conditions across the company.

Savings on Costs

Automation helps businesses save money in several ways; one is that it requires fewer personnel and fewer resources to complete jobs.

In your automation company, you may get more done in less time because to the fact that the application always stays energized and runs out of resources.

Highly Effective Capabilities

With automation taking care of mundane tasks, your team can concentrate on more critical initiatives. They may start working on expanding the business as a whole.

Business process automation frees human teams to focus on higher-value, growth-driving tasks.

Operations Efficiency Improvements

Using automation software, firms may evaluate their processes to identify and remove wasteful steps.

Your fundamental processes and activities will therefore function more efficiently than ever before.

Evidence-Based Analysis

While organizations collect massive volumes of data, not all have immediate practical use. Previously unavailable insights inside your data may become available with the correct automation technologies.

Sentiment analysis and the ability to create personalized operational reports are two examples of advanced reporting and analytic features that help you understand more about your business.

Simple Observance and Direct Accountability

Increased visibility into company processes via automation makes compliance with rules much less of a challenge.

Auditing trials, data storage, and alerts may better understand whereabouts, timing, and issues.


You may quickly update the automation software by adding, eliminating, or altering the rules as your business evolves. This means that companies of all sizes may benefit from automating repetitive tasks.

Examples of Automation

Every day, we rely heavily on our arsenal of autonomous gadgets. However, we often fail to recognize their existence because we choose to ignore them.

Real-world applications of automation include the following-

Emergency Power Supplies, Mechanical Equipment, Escalators, Agriculture Examples of Automation
Figure 4 – 5 Different Examples of Automation


The car business is vast and rapidly developing. Automobiles’ control methods are constantly evolving and becoming more automated.

For instance, manual transmissions were necessary for automobiles in the past, but today’s cars use automatic ones instead. Instead of using a conventional gear set, a planetary gear set is used in AMT.

The torque converter is what makes the automatic gearbox tick. In contrast, the clutch pack is what makes the manual transmission tick.

There are several advantages of AMT over conventional energy transfer methods. Gains in efficiency, durability, dependability, etc., are only a few examples.

Emergency Power Supplies

Automated instances include battery backup systems. Devices like uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), inverters, etc., link us directly to the stored backup power in the event of a power outage.

Avoiding an unwanted and unexpected power outage is one of the main benefits of these gadgets. The device’s logic and configuration enable it to detect when to activate the function. This is why, when power is restored, the gadget immediately begins charging.

Mechanical Equipment

Large-scale industries, with a more significant production rate of items, have a different situation than small-scale ones, where everything is done manually with the aid of the workers.

Because of the rising volume of work, advanced machinery such as automated robotic arms and conveyor belts is required. Compared to human labor, automatic machines speed up production and provide consistency in quality.


Our way of life has evolved significantly during the last several decades. These days, only some people take the time to climb the stairs.

We instead employ escalators that have built-in proximity sensors. When a human is near, these sensors detect them and act accordingly. After the sensors pick up the information, the escalator becomes functional, and we go to our final destination.


There is a need to improve many types of conventional farm machinery to boost crop yield and yield quality. Many time-saving and accurate equipment have been developed for use in agricultural settings.

Harvesters, irrigation systems, plowing machines, self-driving tractors, etc., are only examples of automated technology in the agricultural business. The devices can detect when an action is needed and do it without any intervention from the user or operator.

Disadvantages of Automation

Automated systems are crucial to modern society. When properly implemented, automation companies can improve the lives of individuals and organizations. It has the potential to reduce costs and boost productivity.

One disadvantage of automating processes is the expense of replacing human labor with automated technology. Additional disadvantages of work automation include-

5 Disadvantages of Automation
Figure 5 – 5 Disadvantages of Automation

Relocation of Staff

The major downside of this technology is the loss of employment owing to more incredible automation services. This is because computers are far more efficient and accurate at doing certain activities than people.

For example, for a long time, Disney World has used driverless cars to ferry guests throughout the park. Many people are concerned that this would reduce the number of jobs accessible to them.

Demanding in Terms of Starting Capital

Automation in the manufacturing sector has been around for some time. However, before totally automating their operations, firms must consider a few unanticipated effects.

Consequences include but are not limited to, the significant initial investment required to service and maintain automated systems.

Furthermore, suppose a company’s infrastructure is not secure. In that case, these technologies provide a far easier target for cyber attacks than would be the case with traditional approaches.

Boredom is A Possibility

The best solution to many problems is to automate the corresponding procedure. This convenience, however, may only be rendered meaningful if changes need to be made to automation services in light of unexpected developments.

Such changes would add more work and perhaps expenses to the company’s plate.

Situation Might Get More Dangerous

New safety issues may emerge from automated systems if the operational environment changes.

A pedestrian crossing in front of a driverless car in less-than-ideal conditions (at night, with restricted sight, etc.) might still result in an accident, despite the car’s ability to drive autonomously.

Requires Consistent Human Effort

Even though automation services’ benefits are well-documented, specific tasks will always need human hands.

Consider autonomous vehicles, which can detect and avoid most road dangers with the help of built-in software and sensors.

However, in some instances, such as when a car’s sensor fails to identify an obstacle in its path, these technologies may result in incorrect interpretations and undesirable outcomes.

Methods, Terms, and Trends in Automation

The field of automation is overgrowing. To better comprehend the processes involved in automation services, it is vital to get familiar with the latest developments and associated jargon –

9 Different Methods, Terms, and Trends in Automation
Figure 6 – 9 Different Methods, Terms, and Trends in Automation

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The more data and experiences AI and machine learning have access to, the more complex and well-informed their insights will be.

AI and ML are being used in IT automation services in the form of anomaly detection, the initiation of new processes, the rerouting of existing processes, and the suggestion of courses of action.


The goal of Artificial Intelligence for IT Operations (AIOps) is to automate and streamline the administration of IT services and infrastructure via the use of AI.

AIOps allows IT operations teams to respond more quickly—even proactively—to events that, if ignored, could lead to slowdowns and outages, with end-to-end visibility and context, by integrating multiple separate, manual IT operations tools into a single, intelligent and automated IT operations platform.

Executive in Charge of Automation (CAO)

As automation services benefit organizations in many sectors, a new position, Chief Automation Officer (CAO) (link sits outside, is quickly forming and gaining prominence.

The Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) will collaborate with a wide variety of leaders across all business pillars (IT, operations, cybersecurity, etc.) to implement decisions regarding business processes and IT operations across the enterprise.

Worker Robots

In the context of artificial intelligence (AI), digital workers are software robots equipped with various skills and capabilities, including machine learning, computer vision, and natural language processing, and programmed to work alongside people or independently to carry out specified activities or processes.


FinOps, a mashup of “finance” and “DevOps,” is quickly becoming the management discipline for businesses that want to reduce expenses while increasing profits in hybrid and multi-cloud settings using the most effective operational techniques.

Green IT

Enterprises may use automation programs in areas like resourcing activities to proactively guarantee system performance via the most cost-effective utilization of compute, storage, and network as “green” or “sustainable” IT has come into emphasis.

Over-provisioned environments are costly for businesses since they need more money and resources.


Hyperautomation is a method that uses a combination of technology and tools to effectively automate the broadest possible range of business and IT procedures, ecosystems, and workflows.

Robotic Intelligence

To intelligently grow automation programs, increase profits, and acquire a competitive edge, enterprises must use AI and automation technology.

Simple or No Programming Language

Automation services of business processes via visual designers or natural language processing are now possible with the help of workflow software that requires little to no code.

Final Thoughts

Undoubtedly, automation companies have revolutionized our lives, jobs, and industries, as well as our society. The automation program brings to mind several central themes.

Automation companies have enhanced productivity and efficiency substantially. We have gained remarkable speed, precision, and scalability by programming machines to do formerly human-only tasks.

Automation services have brought new challenges and problems but also numerous benefits. The displacement of human labor is a big concern.

As machines take over basic chores, individual jobs may need to be updated, causing unemployment and economic inequality.

We need to fund reskilling and upskilling programs to assist people in negotiating the changing labor market and finding satisfying jobs in fields that require empathy, creativity, and critical thinking.

Automation service’s ethical effects must also be considered. As AI becomes increasingly prevalent in automated systems, concerns regarding its impact on human decision-making grow.

Even automation companies can potentially alter many areas, but they must not replace people ties. Technology can enrich our lives rather than make us feel more alone and devalue our relationships.

To ensure that technology enhances and empowers us rather than replacing our essential human experiences, we must keep the focus on people.

Finally, automation program from successful automation companies has created new opportunities and challenges. It might revolutionize industries, boost output, and boost the economy.

While taking advantage of automation systems is crucial, we must consider how technology will affect labor, ethical problems, and the human experience.

If automation companies approach automation with caution and actively determine its future, we, including everyone, can harness its immense potential for good.

What does automation technology do?

Automation technology includes anything from processes to technologies that allow machines and systems to operate without human involvement. This includes devices, machines, and equipment.

What is the main goal of automation?

The basic purpose of automation is to boost productivity and decrease costs through increasing efficiency, accuracy, and speed in corporate operations.

Who is most at risk for automation?

There is a greater danger of automation taking the employment of low-skilled workers who do regular activities like cashiers and file clerks. However, the ripple effects of automation are expected to be significant.



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