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Technology – The Ultimate Guide to Tech

Technology, or tech, has undoubtedly changed the course of human history. Every single field owes its progress to the inventions of tech. From transportation to communication, tech has enabled us to live a life of convenience and luxury. 

Everything we know and all that we own in modern society is the blessings of technology. But what exactly is the technology, and where did it come from? 

So, let’s learn all about technology from this ultimate guide to tech. From the different types of technology and the unlimited benefits of technology, let us dive into the world of tech! 

What Is Technology?

Figure 01: What Is Technology?

So, what is technology? 

Well, the word ”Technology” comes from the Greek word “technologia” .”Technologia” is made up of two separate words: ”techne” which translates to ”craft” and ”logia” which means ”saying”. 

In essence, “technologia” means the knowledge and use of tools and crafts. 

To put it more simply, technology is applying scientific knowledge to complete tasks in a reproducible method. Moreover, achievements from technology can be both tangible and intangible. Tangible outcomes are tools like machinery and intangible ones are software.

Additionally, it’s also known as our capability to control the environment through tools and crafts. Tech, on the other hand, is just a short form of technology people have accepted in recent times.

You can also term tech as a collection of technical methods, skills, and tools. These methods are used to solve issues, build desired products, and fulfill the daily needs of human society.

Science, Engineering, and Technology

Science, engineering, and technology are frequently confused as the same thing. Even though all three terms are closely related, they are not the same.

Science is studying the natural world and gaining knowledge from it. Engineering is using scientific knowledge for the creation of new solutions and devices.

On the other hand, tech encompasses all the engineered processes, tools, and devices. 

So, you see science, engineering, and technology are related and dependent on each other. But they mean completely different things.

Tech is the sum total of science and engineering. Unlike science, technology has to fulfill requirements such as usability, utility, and safety.

Here’s an example to give a clear insight into the difference between the three terms:

Science is learning the flow of electrons in conductors. But engineering is using this new knowledge to create machines such as semiconductors. On the other hand, semiconductors created by engineering processes are examples of tech. 

Therefore, both scientists and engineers can be known as technologists. Technology is the end goal of all processes involved in science and engineering. 

History of Technology

Figure 02: History of Technology

Do you know where technology came from? The history of technology is the timeline of all the inventions humans made over time. Tech history dates as far as prehistoric times. 

From the simplest stone tool to complex nanotechnology, let’s find out where it all started.

The history of tech can be separated into these five major categories: 

  • Prehistoric
  • Neolithic
  • Ancient
  • Pre Modern
  • Modern

Prehistoric Technology

Prehistoric times started 2.5 million years ago and ended in 10000 B.C.E.

The first technological invention were stone tools. Hominids developed them around 2 million years ago.

Stone tools are the first tech ever to be created in the human world. The next big tech in the prehistoric period is fire. The invention of fire marked a significant turning point for us.

Other than that, clothing and shelter are the two big technologies of prehistoric times. 

Neolithic Technology

True technological advancement began in the Neolithic period. This period lasted from 10000 B.C.E. to 3000 B.C.E. The first major technology from Neolithic times was the polished stone axe.

After that came a host of other metal tools. Humans learned to forage different metals, such as gold, copper, and silver. The invention of the iron came to be around 1800 B.C.E. These tools started the early agricultural revolution. 

Ancient Technology

The ancient period is the time from 3000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E. In this period, humans made more advancements in technology. 

Humans started harnessing power from wind and water during this time.

The first sailing ship utilizing wind power technology was invented around 7,000 B.C.E.

Then came the water mills and windmills, which revolutionized using power from a non-human source. The first wheeled carts were invented in 3000 B.C.E. in Iran. Moreover, stone-paved roadways started improving the transportation sector around this time.

Bathtubs, running water, toilets, and aqueducts are the other significant technologies of the ancient period.

Pre Modern

Pre-modern or the middle ages lasted from 500 C.E. to the 14th century. One important tech from this period is the invention of silk production. Also, the horse collar and horseshoes were invented during this time. 

That’s not all, simple machines like levers, screws, and pulleys were combined to create tools like wheelbarrows, clocks, and windmills.

Furthermore, the Renaissance era brought about technologies like the printing press. 

Modern Technology

Modern technology includes the tech invented from the 1500s to 1900s. Here are the major technologies of the modern period:

  • The first major tech of the modern age is steam power which started the industrial revolution. 
  • Then, the revolution brought about sweeping tech discoveries in agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and transport. 
  • After a century came the 2nd Industrial Revolution. Major techs from that time are electricity, light bulbs, sewage systems, automobiles, and airplanes
  • The second industrial revolution also brought massive urbanization with the creation of skyscrapers.
  • Moreover, telegraphs, telephone, radio, and television changed the way we communicate forever. 
  • However, the 20th century also brought about the biggest and the deadliest technologies. With the invention of nuclear fission, nuclear weapons came to be. 
  • Not long after came computers
  • Following right behind computers came optical fibers and the internet. 
  • Let’s not forget that space technology was invented during the same time. 
  • Helpful techs were invented in the field of medicine too. M.R.I., P.E.T., CT, dialysis machines, defibrillators, and pacemakers increased the average life expectancy of humans.

Importance of Technology

Figure 03: Importance of Technology

We can not imagine our lives without technology for even a day. Let alone a day, the world would completely halt if the inventions of tech were to disappear for an hour. So, you see, the importance of technology is manifold. 

The importance of technology is almost unmeasurable in our day-to-day lives. Tech is intertwined with every area of human life.

Here are the main aspects of life where the importance of technology can be profoundly visible:

  • Accurate & Rapid Decision Making
  • Comfortable House & Lifestyle
  • Enhanced Efficiency
  • Production Expansion
  • Time and Cost Savings
  • Increased Mobility
  • Faster Communication
  • High Life Expectancy
  • Advanced Marketing & Business
  • Increased Innovation
  • Created Work Opportunities

Accurate & Rapid Decision Making

Technological advancement has made all the data in the world accessible with the tap of a finger. Artificial intelligence, big data, and other information technology allow us to analyze huge volumes of data faster. As a result, decision-making becomes faster and more accurate.

Comfortable House & Lifestyle

Smart home tech has turned our housing more organized, comfortable, and secure than ever before. Improved housing is one of the best effects of technology in our life.
With the help of automated and remote-controlled smart home gadgets, we can keep our homes protected at all times. Moreover, the convenience of everyday life has increased immensely.

Enhanced Efficiency

Tech has enhanced work efficiency in every sector of life. Automation has raised the bar of efficiency and productivity. 

This is made possible by performing all the repetitive and redundant tasks with the help of technology.

Production Expansion

Advancement in tech has allowed production to grow at a much faster pace. Moreover, the products can be more precise and perfect too. 

Additionally, production expansion has improved the world economy in a significant way too.

Time and Cost Savings

Technology has sped up everything from production to transportation and beyond. As a result, more results can be found with less expense. 

As machines and tech can perform much faster than humans, hours can be saved along with expenses on human resources.

Increased Mobility

It’s impossible to believe that there was a day when there were no planes in the skies or Uber on the roads. So, you see how far transportation has come so far from the animal-pulled carts.

Increased mobility is important for ensuring progress in all sectors of human lives.

Faster Communication

The importance of technology can be seen profoundly in the communication sector. People around the world can stay connected to each other 24/7 with the blessings of tech. This has made the business grow and society advance.

High Life Expectancy

Can you picture a world with no hospitals and doctors? It’s a scary thought, isn’t it?

The benefits of technology can be felt most in the health sector. New medical treatments and procedures have increased the life expectancy of humans all over the world. Almost all the diseased have some sort of treatment nowadays.

Advanced Marketing & Business

The business and marketing sector has seen a huge impact on technology. Advanced take has made it easier for businesses to reach customers via Internet marketing. Moreover, customers can buy products online with more convenience.
That’s not all, online transaction has changed the way business happens worldwide. It’s easier than ever to start a new business and reach customers all over the world.

Increased Innovation

Technology is the most useful resource for any sector to grow and thrive. Better communication and access to information increase the scale of innovation.

These innovations further help the world become a safer and more efficient place.

Improved Security

Everything from the walls of our homes to the security alarms on our doors is the blessing of tech. Technological advancements have made our life more secure and safe. 

Created Work Opportunities

Technology has created more work opportunities in fields that were previously nonexistent. Due to the innovations of tech, more people can work and earn their living. It’s estimated that the fourth industrial revolution will create 97 million new jobs by 2025.
Source: World Economic Forum

There is no end to the benefits tech brings to our lives. Here are some more benefits of technology:

  • Easier Access to Healthcare
  • Secured Online Money Transaction
  • Convenient Online Shopping
  • Flexible Work Environments
  • Lightening Fast Access to Information
  • Efficient Education & Distance Learning

Types of Technology with Examples

Figure 04: Types of Technology

Benefits of technology can be found in all sectors of our lives. So, it’s difficult to categorize types of technology.  

However, here are the most popular technology types with examples to give an idea about what’s going on in the tech world now:

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Technology
  • Virtual Reality
  • Nanotechnology
  • Blockchain Technology
  • Robotics Technology
  • Quantum Technology
  • Space Technology
  • Medical Technology
  • Communication Technology
  • Entertainment Technology
  • Operational Technology
  • Assistive Technology
  • Transportation Technology
  • Educational Technology
  • Agricultural Technology
  • Business Technology
  • Construction Technology
  • Hospitality Technology
  • Electrical Technology
  • Food & Product Technology
  • Environmental Technology
  • Industrial & Production Technology
  • Forensic Technology
  • Sports Technology
  • Military Technology
  • Marine Technology

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence has become the buzzword of 2023. With the recent release of ChatGPT, everyone is talking about A.I. and its effects on our lives.

To put it simply, A.I. is the simulation of human intelligence by computer systems. However, there are some tasks that artificial intelligence can complete far more quickly and effectively than humans can.

Examples of everyday technologies where artificial intelligence is used are: 

  • Chatbots
  • Digital Assistants
  • Navigation Systems
  • Social Media
  • Maps & Navigation Systems
  • Facial Recognition Systems
  • Search & Recommendations

Information Technology

Information technology is essentially using computers and corresponding equipment for collecting, analyzing, organizing, and transmitting data. 

I.T. is utilized in numerous fields, including production, human resource, research & development, marketing, education, and more.

Some popular examples of information technology are: 

  • Internet
  • Databases
  • Personal Computers
  • Computer Servers
  • Computer Networks
  • Photo Editing Services
  • Performance Management Tools
  • Content Management Tools

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality is basically a simulation of the real environment. It allows users to interact with 3D virtual surroundings. It’s used in training, education, entertainment, retail, and real estate. Learn more about virtual reality development.

Real-life examples of virtual reality are:

  • Camera Filters
  • Driving Lessons
  • Astronaut Training
  • IKEA AR System
  • Virtual Reality Headsets 
  • Design & Modeling Software


Nanotechnology means controlling matter at the molecular level. This tech can lower production costs, improve fuel efficiency, and perform life-saving medical procedures for humans. 

Popular fields where nanotechnology is used are:

  • Sunscreen
  • Smart Pills
  • Intel Core Processors
  • Waterproof Coatings
  • Lighter Wind Turbines
  • Precision Thermal Insulation

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain technology is basically a decentralized and distributed public database. It can record transactions in a way that can not be manipulated easily. Blockchain tech improves the security, transparency, and traceability of business network data.

Even though the main use of blockchain is through Bitcoin, there are numerous other fields where blockchain tech is used:

Robotics Technology

Robotics is an interdisciplinary field of science & technology. This tech combines science and mathematics to create intelligent robots that can mimic human behavior.
Robots are used in various fields including industry, agriculture, space travel, healthcare, retail, etc.
Examples of robotic tech include:

  • Cleaning Bots
  • Space Bots
  • Surveillance Bots
  • Robotic Body Parts

Quantum Technology

Quantum tech is based on quantum physics. Additionally, it utilizes quantum mechanics methods like quantum superposition and enlargement.
Quantum tech has contribution to fields like communication, metrology, cryptology, electric sensors, and more.
Quantum technology examples are:

  • Quantum Computers
  • Quantum Sensors
  • MRI Scanner
  • Electron Microscope

Space Technology

Space technology is an exciting and complex part of tech that allows humans to explore the entire universe. Scientists use these techs to plan, explore, and analyze space and Earth.

The most notable space technology are:

  • Telescopes
  • Space Mining
  • Low Earth Orbit Satellites
  • Rockets and Spacecrafts
  • Radio and Imaging
  • Space Traffic Management

Medical Technology

Of all the technology types, medical tech has to be the most important one. This field includes all the medical procedures, equipment, and medicines utilized in modern healthcare. 

Medical technology enables us to lead better, safer, and longer lives. Some of the groundbreaking medical technology is:

  • Vaccines
  • Organ Bioprinting
  • Virtual Reality Diagnosis
  • Robot Doctors
  • Handheld Ultrasound

Communication Technology

Communication technology involves everything related to the transfer of information. Faster and more secure communication is the ultimate goal of communication tech.

Some popular examples of communication technology are:

  • Social Media
  • Virtual Assistants
  • Wireless Networks
  • Wearable Tech
  • Live Video Streaming
  • Web Conferencing
  • Blogs, Vlogs, and Podcasts

Entertainment Technology

Entertainment technology has come a long way too. Social media, television, advertising, gaming, streaming, and most other entertainment fields now offer enhanced entertainment experiences via advanced technologies.

Common examples of entertainment tech are:

Operational Technology

Operational technology or O.T. is the use of hardware and software to control industrial equipment with higher security. This type of technology allows the monitoring, detecting, and controlling of the industrial network.

Some examples of operational technology used in industrial and building equipment are:

  • Fire Control System 
  • Access Control Methods
  • Building Management Systems

Assistive Technology

Assistive techs are systems or mechanisms that assist a person in performing mobility-related tasks. These tasks could include movement, turning, eating, climbing stairs, walking, etc.

Assistive technology helps people with physical limitations to move around safely and conveniently. Such technologies include:

  • Wheelchairs 
  • Stair Lifts
  • Artificial Limbs
  • Walkers 
  • Mobility Chairs 

Transportation Technology

Transportation technology includes vehicles and infrastructure related to faster and safer transportation. Railways, highways, airports, and sea ports, transportation tech, includes everything for supporting travel via land, air, water, and space. Examples of the latest transportation technology are: 

  • Autonomous Cars 
  • Route Planning Apps 
  • SpaceX Hyperloop 
  • On-Demand Ride Service 
  • Lightweight Vehicle Material

Educational Technology

Educational technology, or EdTech, has changed the traditional educational system forever. EdTech aims to enhance the teaching and learning process by utilizing technological tools.

Common examples of educational technology are:

  • Computer Based Learning
  • Interactive Learning
  • Audio Visual Systems
  • Online Learning

Agricultural Technology

Agricultural technology plays a crucial role in our lives. It’s through the use of agricultural technology that large-scale food production has been made possible. 

Some of the latest agricultural innovations are:

  • Precision Agriculture
  • Laser Scarecrows
  • Farm Automation
  • Indoor Vertical Farming
  • Livestock Farming Technology

Business Technology

Business technology is the application of technology to advance and improve business activities. Nowadays it’s impossible to grow and sustain a business without the help of business tech.
Digital marketing, E-commerce maintenance, UX design, data management, and enterprise applications all require business technology to run successfully.
Common examples of business tech are:

  • CRM Systems
  • Enterprise Applications
  • Inventory Control Applications
  • Accounting Systems
  • Marketing and Management Software

Construction Technology

Construction technology is the application of specialized machines, methods, and software to improve the construction process. Investing in the latest construction tech helps businesses grow and ensures excellent safety.
The latest construction tech examples are:

  • Drones
  • BIM Software
  • VR Wearables
  • 3D Printing
  • Data Collection Apps

Hospitality Technology

Hospitality technology is the use of networking, software, telematics, and other tech to facilitate a better client experience. These are technologies used explicitly by the hospitality industry, like hotels, restaurants, resorts, Airbnb, etc.
Everything is supported by hospitality tech, from streamlining hotel operations to enhancing the guest experience.
Common examples of hospitality tech are:

  • Online Booking Systems
  • In-room Amenities
  • Special Mobile Apps
  • Property Management Platforms

Electrical Technology

All of the technology types depend on electrical technology to work. Without electricity, the world would come to a halt.
Electrical technology is the design, manufacture, application, operation, and maintenance of electrical systems. This is the largest branch of tech.
The latest additions to the electrical tech category are:

  • Smart Ceiling Fans
  • Electric Vehicles
  • Wearable Devices
  • Electric Meter Usage Monitors
  • Smart Recessed Lighting
  • Advanced Surge Protectors

Food & Product Technology

Food and product technology is the use of tech to automate & improve manufacturing processes in the food industry. The impact of technology on mass food production is indescribable.
To meet the food needs of the growing world population, many technologies are being used in the food and product industry. Some of the latest inventions are:

  • Neutraceuticals
  • Alternative Proteins
  • 3D Food Printing
  • Crop Monitoring
  • Supermarket Automation

Environmental Technology

Environmental technology is tech that aims to improve and conserve our environment and ecosystems. Moreover, another significant point of environmental tech is reducing the adverse effects of technology.
Common environmental technologies include:

  • Solar Energy
  • Bioenergy
  • Photovoltaic
  • Hydropower
  • Wind Turbines
  • Geothermal Energy

Industrial & Manufacturing Technology

Industry 4.0 a.k.a the 4th industrial revolution, has brought about a surge of technological advances in the industrial and manufacturing sector. Moreover, these techs allow factories to produce more products quickly with reduced costs.
Examples of industrial and manufacturing technology include:

  • Smart Factories
  • Automated Forges
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Conveyor Belt Systems
  • Cyber-Physical Systems
  • CNC Milling Machines

Forensic Technology

Forensic technology is scientific methods and technologies used for criminal investigation. Additionally, such technology has a significant impact on criminal identification.
Popular forensic technologies include:

  • Foldscope
  • Proteomes
  • Carbon Dot Powders
  • DNA Fingerprinting
  • Facial Reconstruction
  • Electron Microscopy

Sports Technology

Sports technology is the use of modern technologies to assess and monitor sports more accurately. In addition, the tech could be used to track player movement, heart rate, or pressure.
Moreover, sports tech is used to make decisions in the games too. Popular sports tech include:

  • Data Tracking
  • Virtual Imaging
  • Goal-line Tech
  • Digital Fan Engagement

Military Technology

Military technology is the application of tech for warfare and related purposes. Also, it includes the invention of new weapons, structures, and military vehicles.
Moreover, nuclear weapons fall into military tech. Believe it or not, military tech is the highest-invested category of technology. Countries are continuously trying to outdo each other in terms of military tech. As a result, this field sees the most improvement too.
Latest military technology includes:

  • Cyber Warfare
  • Bio-Weapons
  • Cognitive Radar
  • 5G Cellular Network
  • Self Steering Bullets
  • Autonomous Weapons & Vehicles

Marine Technology

Marine technology is the use of tech for safe navigation of the marine environment. Humans depend on the marine environment for numerous resources. We must use marine tech to ensure we extract and utilize those resources properly.
Additionally, technology has an impact on ship & submarine design and operations.
Some common marine technology is:

  • Ship Propulsion Systems
  • Autonomous Control
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • IoT on Vessels
  • Digital Route Management
  • Digital Cargo Arrangement


Technology controls every aspect of our lives. We have to embrace the benefits of technology if we want to live a better, safer, and improved life. 

But to get the best out of technology, you must understand all about it first. This definitive guide to technology covers what technology is, how it affects our lives, and the newest technology types that will alter your life.

However, always remember to use tech in a way that won’t harm anyone else. No matter how dependent we become on technology, we have to put our Earth first.

Technology FAQ

Check out this comprehensive technology F.A.Q. to get answers to all your tech-related queries.

What Is Big Data?

Big data is exceptionally large data sets that are expanding exponentially with time. 
In essence, big data is data in such a large volume and complexity that it can not be handled with traditional management tools.
Therefore, these large data sets are analyzed using special systems to reveal trends, patterns, and insights previously unknown.

What Is Adobe Cloud?

Adobe Cloud or adobe creative cloud is a collection of apps & services offered by Adobe Inc. 
This set of applications includes software for graphics, video editing, photography, web development, mobile apps, and some cloud services.

What Does a Virtual Reality Headset Do?

V.R. headset replaces users’ natural environment with a simulated virtual environment. This virtual setting could be a game, movie, or pre-recorded V.R. environment. Users can look around and move about in the V.R. world just like the physical world using the V.R. headset.

What Is LiDAR Scanner on iPhone?

LiDAR scanner is a new addition to the iPhone camera. This LiDAR scanner can precisely detect the distance of objects or people. Then, it can utilize distance data to auto-focus almost six times faster and more accurately. 

What Are Smart Glasses?

Smart glasses are a new wearable technology that utilizes augmented reality. This tech enables users’ hands-free internet access using voice commands. What’s more, you can view the results on your glasses instead of your phone or watch screen.



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